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A Guide To Prostate Gland Cancer

Prostate is a small walnut sized gland that produces seminal fluid. This fluid is responsible for nourishing and supporting the sperm. Prostate gland cancer is one of the most common types of cancer that affects one in six men. Prostate gland cancer can be life-threatening, and can have serious side effects such as erectile dysfunction and bladder control problems.

Prostate gland cancer growth is usually slow, and remains confined to the gland not causing any serious harm, but there are some types of prostate cancers that are quite aggressive and spread very fast. If the prostate cancer is detected at early stages while it is still within the gland, chances of successful treatment are quite high.

Symptoms Of Prostate Gland Cancer

There are not many noticeable symptoms of prostate gland cancer in the early stages, hence most of the cases are not detected until the diseases has spread to the other organs. Most common symptom of prostate cancer is urinary problem, which is caused when the tumor presses against the bladder or urethra. The urinary problems include trouble urinating, reduced force in the stream of urine, starting and stopping while urinating, blood in the semen and blood in the urine. If the cancer spreads to lymph nodes in the pelvis, it may cause the discomfort in the pelvic area and swelling in the legs. During advanced stages of prostate gland cancer, it spreads to the bones causing bone pain that does not go away, compression of the spine or bone fractures.

Causes Of Prostate Gland Cancer

Cancer is caused when a group of abnormal cells grow much faster than the normal cells, and do not die. Cancer cells are also capable of invading and destroying the normal tissues. There are various factors responsible for prostate gland cancer development including ethnicity, heredity, diet, hormones and environment.

The chances of having the prostate cancer increase after the age of 50. Obesity and high-fat diet increase the risk of getting this disease. Testosterone stimulates the prostate gland growth, and men using testosterone are at higher risk of developing prostate gland cancer.

If there is a problem with urination, it is advisable to seek the medical help. It may not necessarily indicate prostate gland cancer, but it may be due to some prostate gland health problem. Yearly screenings can be quite helpful in detecting the cancer at early stage. These screenings include PSA test and digital rectal examination.

Prostate gland cancer cannot be prevented, but the risk of getting the disease or slowing its development can be done by eating well, getting enough exercise and getting information about NSID.

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